18-19     . ..

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1743/44

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. 534757; 418694

: THE WEST PROSPECT OF THE GIANT'S CAUSWAY IN THE COUNTRY OF ANTRIM IN THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND.

( ): Vivares Sculp.

: Su: Drury Pinx.; : Vivares Sculp.; : To the Right Honourable Alexander M.c Donnel Earl of Antrim. This Plate is humbly inscrib'd by S. Drury.

:

This Natural Pavement, is some what of a Triangular Shape: From (a) the South to (b) a Gap, at the East Angle is 135 Y:ds from yt to the end of the North Point (c) 220: from thence back to the end of the South Point 300. The Sea beating in, divides ys Side into 3 Parts or Points (c, d, e). It consists of abt 30,000 Pillars, of different Sizes, from 15 to 26, but generally ab.t 20 Inches over, Each having 5, 6 or 7 flat Sides, & yt w.ch joyns the side of another Pillar is of the fame Breadth wch It, tho' 2 sides of the same Pillar rarely are, each Pillar having as many others joyn'd close round it, as it hath Sides, except the outermost Ones, wch shew 1, 2 or 3 Faces to view as (f, g, h) 2 have all their sides of the same Breadth wch each other, or in the same, or any certain order round them: One has the side (g) 8 Inches, the next side 17, then 13, 18, 14: Another as (h) 10, 9, 13, 11, 4, 12: At (f) 8, 13, 11, 13, 12, 14: At (i) 14, 13, 13, 9, 12, 8, 12, Fractions of an Inch omitted. There are ab.t half a Dozen of 4 & 8 sides. The S. West Part from (e) thro' (a) is 120 Y.ds to the South end, wch is burged under Earth, Stones & Fragments of Rock like as (k) is: It cou'd not be quite brought in without deminishing all the rest. The Pillars here are of a very dark Colour, lean a little to the S. East, crack'd every way & almost loose their Shape near the Water; Those toward the middle contract a browner Coat. At (l) a stack of Pillars 30 Y.ds long, some 8 Foot above their Neighbours, of a whitish Colour all over, as the Tops of all near the Landare; altho' the Sides of some ab.t (m) be Colour'd like rusty Iron. Here is a Well (n) of fresh Water (75 Y.ds from the Gap) whole sides & bottom are of the same kind of Pillars, from 13 to 15 only, in Diameter. The middle Part contracts a sandy Colour a little toward red. From (o) a Fragment of Rock having Stones sticking in it, some what like the regular ones, to (p) a Smooth Passage to the Wather, 60 Y.ds: Thence to (d) 30 more, being the end of a Mount of Pillars, ab.t 15 Y.ds broad & 7 high. The Main Part is, from the Gap, 40 Y.ds of very Tall Pillars to (g) wch is 33 feet high, They lean to the West: Thence to (r) where the Tide flows, 120 Yds: From thence it Tapers down thro' (c) 60 more, before it ends in the Sea at Ebb, in like manner as the Point (e) does. This Part at (s) is 60 Yds broad, At (t) a thin Sod covering the Tops of Pillars. Some Pillars for 2 or 3 Foot seem One Stone (u) is 12 Foot having but one Division; but generally Each consists of many Stones from 6 to 13, but commonly ab.t 8 Inches deep.

Scarce any 2 Stones in the same Pillar, have the same Depth or are in any certain Order down, or in any 2 pillars alike: One has the upper Stone 9w) 8 Inches, the next under it 6, the third 9: Another 11, 12, 9, 7, 8, 6, 7: Another (m) 7, 8, 6, 10. Measuring from the Crevice wch is small as a Thread when they begin to Seperate. The Stones of different Pillars do not at all range even one wch another. When the Stones of a Pillarare forced asunder we see, either the Top of the Under Stone, or Bottom of the Upper one, by wch it was joyn'd to the other, has a smooth Convexity, rising 2 or 3 Inches high in the middle, terminated in a Circle from 15 to 23, but generally ab.t 20 inches Diameter wch is within an Inch of the Angular Circum ference (j). The other Stone has a Circular Cavity (v) exactly fitted to receive it, so as to touch every where, Each Stone having one End Convex the other Concave. In some Pillars the Convex End of each Stone is Upward (f) in others as (h) all downwards. Some few have in them a Double Convex (x) the hollow End of the Stone above & below turned to it. Some few a Double Concave (y) the swelled End of the Stone both above & below, turn'd fitt in it. Some few have both sorts as (z) wch was broken & split downward. Some joyn by nearly a Flat Surface; for the more particular Artioulation see East View. At (1) the Endsof ab.t 300 Pillars wch lye sloping within the Hill, whose outmost Joynts fall down as the Earth is wash'd away, & lye in heaps broken on the pathway. At top of the same Hill ab.t 90 Y.ds high are Pillars of the same kind & size. Ab.t 300 Y.ds on the East is a Range of 60 Pillars, call'd the Organs (2) part of some are fall'n wch discovers more behind, the Tallest is abt 40 Foot, having above 40 Joynts. The Earth wash'd off at the point of Land (3) shews a red sandy Rock & Path. Ab.t 500 Y.ds from the Causway on the Top of the farthest point stand 4 Pillars call'd the Chimneys, a little seperated from others wch stick to the Rock, the longest having 15 Joynts, the upper Ones ready to fall. At (4&5) are ab.t a Dozen Pillars, seen very distinctly, wch a Glass. At (6 & 7) as many more much worn. At (8) a large Rock beyond wch (almost clos'd to a round Bason 7 Y.ds over) the rugged black Rock is divided into Polygons, some 3 foot over. All the Stones of the Pillars when seperated or broken, are of a very dark Grey wch in, are very hard & heavy, one Stone weighing two hun.d& an half, they are of fine Gritt, break sharp, clink like Iron & melt in a Smiths-Forge, the Fragments on the Causway wch seem to have fall'n from ab.e (9) where some still lye, are much of the same substance.

: Publish'd according to Act of Parliament Feb: 1: 1743/4 for S. Drury, Whose Original Paintings of the Causway, obtain'd the Premium given, in the Year 1740, by the Rev.d Sam.l Madden, D.D. to be determin'd by the Hon.ble the Dublin Society for the Encouragement of Arts & Sciences.

: (); 1924

. Ö15526



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